The use of rural space and the management of natural resources in developing country context, as in case of Turkey, is of utmost importance because of the rapid change occurring in rural areas. Decay in rural areas has already a widely known phenomenon however it has exacerbated by the winds of globalization. Rural areas are declining in population, causing land to be abandoned. Individuals become isolated without adequate social services. Residents often face poverty and social conflict as well as environmental degradation, soil erosion, and water degradation. The poverty and inequality has risen. The course provides an integrated perspective on rural planning in developing country context. Attention is drawn to the relationship between strategic planning and local economic development, and the ways in which coordinated development planning and management of natural resources can underpin sustainable rural livelihood.